秒速赛车助赢计划

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朱虹、曉毅:辛棄疾在江西

dmrgu.cn  發布時間:2019-07-26 15:24  文章來源:江西風景獨好

秒速赛车助赢计划XINQIJI,ZIYOUAN,HAOJIAXUAN,LICHENG(JINSHANDONGJINAN)REN,WOGUOLISHIWEIDADEHAOFANGPAICIREN、AIGUOZHE、JUNSHIJIAHEZHENGZHIJIA。

XINQIJISHENGYU1140NIAN,SHIYU1207NIAN。QISUOSHENGHUODESHIDAI,ZHENGZHINANSONGYUJINCHAONANBEIFENZHI、MINZUMAODUNSHIFENJIANRUIDESHIQI。BISHIDENANSONG,PIANANDONGNAN,GOUANXIANGLE,ERZHONGYUANDIQUDERENMINBUMANJINCHAOTONGZHI,BUDUANXIANQIKANGJINQIYIDELANGCHAO。22SUIDEXINQIJIJIUSHIZAIZHEZHONGBEIJINGXIA,CANJIALEKANGJINQIYI,ERHOUGUIYINANSONG。NANGUICHUQI,XINQIJIYIXINKANGJIN,LITUHUIFUZHONGYUAN,KECHAOTINGDUIBEIFAZHISHIBINGBUGANXINGQU,ZHISHIRANGXINQIJIZHANZHUANGEDIDANRENDIFANGGUANYUAN。GONGYUAN1181NIAN,XINQIJIBEIDANHEMIANZHI,XIANHOUXIANJUSHANGRAODAIHU、QIANSHANPIAOQUANDENGDI。ZHIHOU,YOUYOULIANGCIBEIQIYONGDEJIHUI,DANSHIJIANDOUBUCHANG。GONGYUAN1207NIAN,XINQIJIBINGSHIYUQIANSHANPIAOQUAN,MUZANGQIANSHANXIANYONGPINGZHENGUASHANHUTOUMEN。

一 軍事天才

他是有勇有謀卻又不得志的軍事將領。他22歲就舉起義旗,加入耿京領導的義軍,擔任掌書記。和辛棄疾關系相好的義端和尚隨他一同加入耿京陣營,但是義端有了叛變之心,盜走了辛棄疾所掌管的帥印去金營邀功。耿京知道后大發雷霆,問罪辛棄疾。辛棄疾深知難辭其咎,立下軍令狀要追回帥印。他策馬狂奔,追上義端和尚,手起刀落,義端身首異處。1162年,辛棄疾南下聯絡南宋,在此期間,起義軍中發生內訌,耿京被叛徒張安國殺害。辛棄疾得知后,怒發沖冠,率領50騎兵,奇襲金營擒拿張安國,交南宋梟首示眾。可謂“百萬軍中取上將首級”,其年僅23歲。洪邁稱贊曰“壯聲英概,懦士為之興起,圣天子一見三嘆息”。南歸宋朝后,他曾考察戰局,分析宋金形勢,寫成《美芹十論》進奏朝廷,稍后又進獻北伐計劃書《九議》,致力推進光復中原大業。1180年,辛棄疾在湖南創置“飛虎軍”,“雄鎮一方”,這支部隊也成為長江邊上最好的防守部隊。可是,朝廷中的主和派對辛棄疾十分忌憚,不僅不對其委以重任,反而不時打壓彈劾。他心情十分郁悶,只有在醉酒之后,辛棄疾才能“挑燈看劍”,只能在夢里,才能“吹角連營”。他率百萬雄兵,北伐征戰的愿望終難實現。

二 治世能吏

他是政績卓著卻又不被重用的治世能吏。秒速赛车助赢计划在辛棄疾南歸后的前20年時間,他輾轉于江西、江蘇、湖北、安徽等地,先后擔任江陰簽判、建康通判、滁州知州、江東安撫司參議官、江西提點刑獄、京西轉運判官、江陵府兼荊湖北路安撫使、隆興知府兼江西安撫使等職務,他關切民生、民力,每到一地,必有政績。公元1172年,辛棄疾知滁州。滁州正當江淮要沖,地位重要,但由于連年天災戰亂,經濟蕭條,土地貧瘠,人口稀少,商賈不至。辛棄疾到任后,首先張貼布告,招撫四方百姓,將官府的庫銀貸給他們,給流離失所者土地、農具、耕畜、糧種,鼓勵安家落戶,恢復生產;然后上書朝廷,要求對滁州以邊境之郡待之,免去歷年所欠朝廷的賦稅;他制定政策,宣布凡過往滁州的商賈只收取過去稅收的十分之三;他還組織百姓砍伐木材,燒制磚瓦,恢復重建了市區的商店旅社。經過了艱苦的努力,不到一年時間,地方經濟復蘇,百姓安居樂業,商賈們紛紛涌進滁州,財稅日增,這里很快成為兩淮地區商品的集散地,一改往日荒涼、蕭條的景象。

GANZHOUYUGUTAI

1175NIAN7YUE,XINQIJIDAOGANZHOURENJIANGXITIDIANXINGYU,SANGEYUEDESHIJIANJIUPINGDINGLECHASHANGJUNDEPANLUAN。ZAIDAOGANZHOUDEDIERNIAN,TATUJINGZAOKOUYAOWANGYUGUTAI,YINCHANGCHULEYIQUECHONGMANHAOFANGZHIQINGDE《PUSAMAN》:

YUGUTAIXIAQINGJIANGSHUI,ZHONGJIANDUOSHAOXINGRENLEI。

XIBEIWANGCHANGAN,KELIANWUSHUSHAN。

QINGSHANZHEBUZHU,BIJINGDONGLIUQU。

秒速赛车助赢计划JIANGWANZHENGCHOUYU,SHANSHENWENZHEGU。

 

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三 詞中之龍

他是我國歷史上最偉大的詞作家之一。宋代是詞作的高峰,辛棄疾和蘇軾共同創造了宋詞的巔峰,人稱蘇辛。有人稱辛棄疾為“人中之杰,詞中之龍”。王國維稱贊曰“幼安之佳處,在有性情,有境界”。他在《人間詞話》中,引用了辛詞名句“眾里尋他千百度,驀然回首,那人卻在燈火闌珊處”作為讀書治學的最高境界。毛澤東主席多次說他喜歡讀蘇東坡、辛棄疾,在他故居藏書中,圈畫得最多的是辛棄疾的詞,約98首,有的甚至是反復圈畫,其詩詞風格也深受辛詞影響。著名學者葉嘉瑩評價辛棄疾說“他在詞中所做出的開拓和成就,不僅超越了北宋的蘇軾,而且也是使得千百年以下的作者一直感到難以為繼”。辛棄疾繼承了蘇軾的豪放詞風,而又把詞的創作推向了一個新的高度,形成了中國詞史上的豪放流派。以蘇、辛為代表的豪放派與傳統的婉約派平分秋色,給后世詞壇產生了深遠影響。辛棄疾不僅是南宋最偉大的詞人,而且是我國歷史上最偉大的詞人之一。

SUIRANXINQIJIDECIZUOZHULIUSHIHAOFANGFENGGE,RU“DAONANERDAOSIXINRUTIE,KANSHISHOU,BUTIANLIE”。DANSHIQICIZAICHENXIONGHAOMAIZHONGBUFAXINIQINGROU。BIRU,《MANJIANGHONG·QIAOSUILICHOU》ZHONG“QIAOSUILICHOU,SHACHUANGWAI、FENGYAOCUIZHU。RENQUHOU、CHUIXIAOSHENGDUAN,YILOURENDU”。GURENLUNCI,WANGWANGJIANGQIRENPINYUCIPINJIEHEQILAIJINXINGKAOCHA。“QIDAZHESHENGBIHONG,ZHIGAOZHEYIBIYUAN”,XINQIJIZAIYONGTADESHENGMINGQUXIECI,BATADELIXIANGBAOFUHEXINGGETESERONGRUDAOXINCILI。TAYISHENGDOUBEIWANGZHONGYUAN,ZHILIYUBEIFASHOUFUZHONGYUAN,YAOJIJIBEIZHAN,XIANGSHANGFENFA。KESHITAXIANGSHANGFENFADELILIANGQUEYIZHIMIANLINZHUXIANGXIADAYADELILIANG,JICIZAODAOCHANHUI、BAMIAN,TAGUIYINANSONGHOUDE40DUONIANZHONGJINGYOU20DUONIANSHIXIANJUJIAZHONG。SUOYITADECIZHONG,YOULIXIANGLANGMANHEXIANSHICANKUDELIANGZHONGDUILILILIANGZAIJIDANGPANXUAN,RANGDUZHEGENGJUEDEBAIZHUANQIANHUI,YUNWEISHENCHANG,BEITANBUYI。BIRU,ZAI《POZHENZI·WEICHENTONGFUFUZHUANGCIYIJIZHI》ZHONG,TAGANGXIEWAN“LEQUEJUNWANGTIANXIASHI,YINGDESHENGQIANSHENHOUMING”,DADAORENSHENGLIXIANGDEDIANFENG,HURANYIJU“KELIANBAIFASHENG!”YOUDAHUIYUANXINGHUIDAOCANKUXIANSHI。

秒速赛车助赢计划《POZHENZI·WEICHENTONGFUFUZHUANGCIYIJIZHI》

 

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四  退隱江西

XINQIJISHENGMINGZHONGJINYIBANDESHIJIANDOUZAIJIANGXIDUGUO。GENJULISHIXUEJIADENGGUANGMINGXIANSHENGDE《XINQIJINIANPU》TONGJI,XINQIJIZAIJIANGXIDAILE27NIAN,GANZHOU、NANCHANG、SHANGRAODOULIUXIALEXINQIJIDEZUJI。1175NIAN7YUEZHI1176NIANQIU,XINQIJIZAIGANZHOUDANRENJIANGXITIDIANXINGYU;1177NIANDONGZHI1178NIANQIUHE1180NIANDONGZHI1181NIANDONG,XINQIJILIANGCIZAINANCHANGRENZHI,JUNDANRENLONGXINGFU(NANCHANG)ZHIFUJIANJIANGXIANFUSHI。CHUCIZHIWAIDABUFENDESHIJIANZAISHANGRAODEDAIHUHEPIAOQUAN,《JIAXUANCI》600YUSHOU,CHAOGUOYIBANZUOPINXIEYUDAIHUYUPIAOQUAN。

1180NIANZAINANCHANGWEIGUANSHI,XINQIJIJIUXIANGZAISHANGRAOJIANYUANLINSHIDEZHUANGYUAN,ANZHIJIARENDINGJU。TAGENJUDAIHUSIZHOUDEDIXINGDISHI,QINZISHEJILE“GAOCHUJIANSHE,DICHUPITIAN”DEZHUANGYUANGEJU,BINGDUIJIARENSHUO:“RENSHENGZAIQIN,DANGYILITIANWEIXIAN。”YINCI,TABADAIHUZHUANGYUANQUMINGWEI“JIAXUAN”,BINGYICIZIHAO“JIAXUANJUSHI”。

SHANGRAOQIANSHANPIAOQUAN

 

1182NIANKAISHI,XINQIJIKAISHIXIANJUSHANGRAODAIHU,DAIHUHEQIANSHANXIANDEPIAOQUANCHENGWEITASHENGMINGZHONGCHANGQIDEZHUSUO。ZHEYINIAN,XINQIJIXIEXIALE《SHUIDIAOGETOU·MENGOU》:

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也罷也罷,既然英雄無用武之地,不如結盟鷗鷺,相伴山水,過一段愜意舒適的田園生活。在這片安寧的土地上,在恬淡的田園生活中,詞人與自然同行,與風月同醉,書寫下大量不朽的詞作…

BIRU,“WOJIANQINGSHANDUOWUMEI,LIAOQINGSHANJIANWOYINGRUSHI”DE《HEXINLANG》,“MAOYANDIXIAO,XISHANGQINGQINGCAO”DE《QINGPINGLE》。ZAIDAIHUJUZHUSHI,TAJINGCHANGDAOSHANGRAOHUANGSHALINGFUJINYOUWAN、JIANGXUE,YITIAN,DANGTAJINGGUOHUANGSHALINGYIDAOSHI,YANQIANJINGSELINGTATAOZUI,MINGYUE、QINGFENG、JINGQUE、MINGCHAN、WAMING,TAHUIBIXIEXIA《XIJIANGYUE·YEXINGHUANGSHADAOZHONG》。

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    1186NIAN,XINQIJIDAOEHUSHANYIDAIMIQUAN,LAIDAOTONGMUJIANGANDEQISHICUN,FAXIANCUNPANGDEGUASHANSHANLUYOUYIKOUZHOUSHIQUAN。YINXINGZHUANGSIPIAO,XINQIJIQUKONGZI“YIDANSHI,YIPIAOYIN,ZAILOUXIANG,RENBUKANQIYOU,HUIYEBUGAIQILE,XIANZAIHUIYE!”DEHANYI,QUMINGWEIPIAOQUAN。YELAN,XINGSHUYUELANGQUANWUYAN,CHEYEWUMIAN,FUXIANGLIANPIAN,FUCIYISHOU,SHUFANEIXINDEJINGXIZHIQING,JI《DONGXIANGE·FANGQUANYUQISHI,DEZHOUSHIQUAN,WEIFU》:

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GENGSHOUZHONG、MENQIANWULIU。

QIEGUIQU、FULAOYUEZHONGLAI,

WENRUCIQINGSHAN,DINGZHONGLAIFOU? 

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ZHANMATING

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